Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Elderly Differs Between Genders, Survey Says

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Cooking with Grandma.Less than half of all Canadians over the age of 65 are meeting the daily recommended intake of at least five servings of fruits and vegetables. Now, a new study conducted by researchers at the University of British Columbia, aims to explain why.

Study researchers explored what types of social support encouraged seniors to increase their daily consumption of fruits and vegetables.

The survey analyzed data from 14,221 Canadian adults over the age of 65. Social support was divided into two categories: tangible support, which focused on physically assisting individuals with tasks, such as shopping and cooking; and emotional and informational support, which included building confidence by allowing individuals to perform tasks, while providing minimal advice, such as recipe ideas and meal suggestions.

Researchers discovered that social support did not play a significant role among men. Alternatively, women reached their adequate intake when provided with emotional and informational support, but tangible support was detrimental to their intake.

“This may mean that emotional support is encouraging women to cook for themselves, and that the meals they prepare contain more fruits and veggies than those made for them,” stated the study’s lead author, Emily Rugel.

According to researchers, educational campaigns among the elderly population should stress the importance of incorporating more fruits and vegetables into their cooking and overall diet—providing more affordable access to produce.

“We should focus on strengthening social support as one way of ensuring that older adults eat enough fruit and vegetables,” said Rugel. “But we really need to take gender differences into account as part of this process.”

Sources for Today’s Article:
Rugel, E.J., et al., “Gender differences in the roles for social support in ensuring adequate fruit and vegetable consumption among older adult Canadians,” Appetite 2015; 92(2015): 102–109.
University of British Columbia, “Gender differences play key role in supporting healthy diets for seniors,” ScienceDaily web site, July 9, 2015;


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Leah Shainhouse, R.D.

About the Author, Browse Leah's Articles

Leah Shainhouse is a Registered Dietitian with the College of Dietitians of Ontario and a member of the Dietitians of Canada. She graduated with a Bachelor of Science, Honors, in Nutritional Sciences from the University of British Columbia and went on to complete her dietetic training and Master of Science degree in Human Nutrition at McGill University. Leah has a strong desire to help shape the lives of individuals through a healthy lifestyle. She enjoys working with people to help... Read Full Bio »