The three main types of urinary incontinence are urge, stress, and mixed. Those with urge incontinence have an overactive bladder and feel a sudden urge to urinate. (Bed-wetting is common, as the urge can strike every two hours.) Stress incontinence occurs when stress or pressure is put on the abdomen, such as with laughing, coughing, sneezing, and rising out of a chair. Mixed incontinence is a combination of the two.
RECOMMENDED: A Little Bit of Exercise Can Help Your Bladder Problems
Urinary incontinence’s causes are rooted in the brain. Damaged nerves along the passage between bladder and brain make people lose bladder sensation and motor control. In some cases, the underlying cause can be much worse than incontinence: brain or spine tumors; stroke; Alzheimer’s disease; diabetes; multiple sclerosis; Parkinson’s; or multiple sclerosis.
Physical causes include a weak bladder muscle, bladder irritation, bladder stones, or chronic urinary tract infection. For stress incontinence, weakened or damaged muscles on the pelvic floor or urethra are often the cause, making leakage more likely if the bladder feels pressure. The other major group of causes consists of drug side effects (check the label of any you are taking).
Alternative medicine offers some attractive treatments. Cranberry juice is great. For women, soy is recommended. Overall, eat fresh, natural foods such as fruits and vegetables, grains, soybeans, olive oil, nuts, and fish. Limit caffeine.
For supplements, try soy isoflavones. Other capsules that could help stop inflammation include vitamins C and E, flaxseed oil, bromelain, the minerals zinc and magnesium, and carotenoids. The herbs “uva ursi” and goldenseal may work for cases where an infection has triggered the urinary incontinence.
Condition your bladder back into a state of control using “kegal” exercises meant to strengthen muscles. They need to be performed regularly, but that’s not a problem because they are very simple. When you’re urinating, try to stop by using the one muscle that will do it. Don’t use any other muscles. Count four seconds, then release the muscle. Experts say to do this for about two minutes at least three times a day. You are basically teaching those muscles to open and close (to relax and constrict) on your command. Incontinence comes from weak muscles and kegal exercises will build strength and lead to greater control.