For the study, researchersembarked on three clinical trials where they introduced a fruit-based nutrient-dense bar into the diets of 43 lean and overweight/obese individuals over a two-month period.
Participants discontinued any supplements for a two-week period prior to commencing the study, but continued with their regular dietary and physical activity patterns. Each participant consumed two bars daily; blood samples and measurements were taken at baseline and the two-week and eight-week marks.
Researchers discovered improvements in both lean and overweight/obese individuals. More specifically, improvements in cholesterol levels, blood fat, insulin resistance, blood pressure, and weight and waist circumference were evident in overweight/obese individuals with low levels of inflammation. Among those with higher levels of inflammation at baselineâinflammation diminished at the two-week and eight-week marks, likely allowing for further improvements in the future.
According to Bruce Ames, a professor emeritus of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of California, ââ¦a relatively easy intervention with something like the nutrient bar used in this study may help people to realize the positive impact that a diet with adequate nutrition can have in their daily lives, which may be a stronger incentive for change.â
Sources for Todayâs Article:
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, “Want to improve your health? Focus on nutrition and not weight: Chronic inflammation from diets deficient in nutrients contribute to weight regardless of the intake of macronutrients,” ScienceDaily web site August 5, 2015; www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150805110202.htm.
McCann, J.C., âA multicomponent nutrient bar promotes weight loss and improves dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in the overweight/obese: chronic inflammation blunts these improvements,âÂ The FASEB Journal 2015; 29 (8): 3287 DOI:Â 10.1096/fj.15-271833