The body has a lot of bits and pieces that the average person knows very little, if anything, about. Take the thin tissue that lines your lungs and the wall of your chest, for example.
Did you know that tissue even existed, let alone that that it has a name? Itâs called pleura, and just like any tissue on the rest of the body, it can become infected and cause issues.
This condition is called pleurisy, and in this article, we will cover everything you need to know about it. We will discuss exactly what pleurisy is, pleurisy symptoms, and even home remedies for pleurisy. How long does pleurisy last, you ask? Read on and letâs shine a light on this mysterious body part and how to treat any inflammation.
What Is Pleurisy?
Pleurisy isnât very common, but that hasnât stopped it from making a name for itself historically. Itâs the cause of death for a few notable people including one of the founding fathers of the United States, Benjamin Franklin. But, what is pleurisy? Simply put, pleurisy (also known as pleuritis) is when the tissues that line the lungs and the wall of your chest become infected or inflamed. Normally, you would never even know that itâs there. It is gentle tissue that doesnât cause any friction or noticeable movement. When that tissue becomes infected or inflamed, however, it can cause a great amount of pain and irritation as the pleura rubs between the lungs and chest. Now that you know what it is, itâs time to get into what causes pleurisy.
What Are Causes of Pleurisy?
Despite the fact that pleurisy isnât that common in modern times, you are probably familiar with most of the conditions that qualify as pleurisy causes. Infections, chest viruses, inflammations, and injury are all potential sources of pleurisy. The most common causes of pleurisy are:
â¢ Bacterial pneumonia
â¢ Fungal or parasitic infections
â¢ Blunt trauma to the chest wall
â¢ Chest or lung tumors
â¢ Blood clots in the arteries of your lung also called pulmonary embolism
â¢ Immune system disorders, such as systemic lupus and rheumatoid arthritis
â¢ Sickle cell anemia
â¢ Chest wounds
â¢ Rib fractures
â¢ Heart surgery complications
â¢ Lung cancer
â¢ Mesothelioma (often caused by asbestos exposure)
Signs and Symptoms of Pleurisy
The signs and symptoms of pleurisy are numerous, but the main symptom is sharp, stabbing pain in the chest. You may ask yourself, âWhy does my chest hurt when I breathe?â This sharp pain can worsen with coughs, sneezes or movement, but can temporarily disappear if you hold your breath (as the pain is caused by the friction of the lungs, pleura, and chest). It will return when you begin breathing again. Other symptoms can include:
â¢ Joint pain
â¢ Pain on one side of your chest
â¢ Pain in your shoulders and back
â¢ Shallow breathing to avoid feeling pain
â¢ Muscle aches
â¢ Shortness of breath
In addition to these symptoms, you might also experience fevers, loss of appetite, and chills as there is a buildup of fluid in pleura. The buildup of fluid is called pleural effusion, and it can temporarily take away the chest pain as the fluid basically cushions the pleura, lungs, and chest. Eventually, the fluid will stop the lungs from functioning as they should due to the pressure the fluid is placing on them. This causes shortness of breath and diminishes lung functions. Luckily, there are a few treatments, both medical and natural, that can help put a stop to your pleurisy.
Part of the reason that we donât see too much pleurisy anymore, and it doesnât claim as many lives asÂ it used to, is that modern medicine can now do a fairly remarkable job of cleaning it up. Some of the medical treatments and medications that are used in pleurisy treatment include:
â¢ Antibiotics for bacterial infection
â¢ A number of over-the-counter medicines including ibuprofen, aspirin, or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
â¢ Prescription medications for a cough and pain (possibly containing codeine)
â¢ Medications that can help break up any blood clots and or large collections of pus and mucus
â¢ Medications like bronchodilators via metered dose inhaler devices (similar to what you see for asthma sufferers)
In addition to these, if there is a buildup of fluids in your chest, you may be required to stay a night or two in the hospital so that those fluids can be drained properly and fully. This may also be used if there is a severe buildup of pus and mucus in the lungs. If these treatments are properly administered, there should be few to no long lasting effects to your lungs, chest, and respiratory systems. There are also a few natural treatments that can help alleviate the symptoms.
Home Remedies for Pleurisy
There areÂ a few pleurisy treatment at home options that can help with the symptoms of pleurisy. Please note that none of these are meant to replace traditional medical treatments. Â Instead, these are meant to help augment the medical treatments and hopefully get you back on your feet a bit quicker.
â¢ Rest: Rest can help as it can lessen the amount of the stress on your chest and lungs, which can help the inflammation of the pleura.
â¢ Basil leaves: Eaten raw or as part of a meal, basil containsÂ nutrients that could help break up mucus, pus, and other fluids that can be build up due to pleurisy.
â¢ Warm/hot chest treatment: A warm or hot treatment to your chest can help relieve a number of the symptoms. Place a hot/warm towel or hot water on your chest. The heat mayÂ help melt and loosen up the fluids in your chest.
â¢ Use a humidifier: Using a humidifier can help relieve your chest pain by helping to loosen and break up the fluids in the lungs, especially mucus and pus. Once broken up, these can be expelled from the body easier.
â¢ Olive leaf extract: Olive leaf extract has a number of properties that are great for fighting infections, including those in the chest. Olive leaf extract can be taken in pill form, powder, or taking the leaves and brewing a tea out of them.
Combining these with proper medical treatment should help you breathe more easily until your pleurisy is cured.
Pleurisy Is Easy to Deal With
Pleurisy used to be a huge problem. A chest cold could quicklyÂ turn into pleurisy and lead to death. Luckily, with current day medications and home remedies, we now know how to treat pleurisy and clear it up before any major lung damage occurs. Thatâs if it even occurs in the first place. But that doesnât mean that you canât be vigilant. If you get a chest cold that seems particularly painful and tough, look for the symptoms of pleurisy. If it seems to match up, donât panic. See a doctor. And in the meantime, try out some ofÂ the home remedies to help get you through it.
âPleurisy,â NHS, http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pleurisy/Pages/Introduction.aspx#Treatment, Last accessed June 6, 2017.
âHow Long Does Pleurisy Last and How is it Treated?â ePain Assist, https://www.epainassist.com/chest-pain/lungs/pleurisy, last accessed June 6, 2017.
“9 Home Remedies for Pleurisy,â Search Home Remedy, http://www.searchhomeremedy.com/9-home-remedies-for-pleurisy/, last accessed June 6, 2017.